Research

Articles on historical and technological subjects informed by literature and dreaming.


Read more:

Charcoal oxygen concentrator

With research, I found my idea of using Dewar’s findings to separate air has been widely used in industry. of course. In fact, it is still used for volumes of less than several tons of oxygen or nitrogen production per day. (at rates greater than that, More...


Electricity before turbines

I was reading the papers of James Prescott Joule (experimental physicist/chemist from the mid 1800’s). One paper of his discussed the economic possibilities of using zinc batteries instead of steam engines and generators to produce electricity. More...


Refining clay for silicon production

Kaolin clay is a complex of silica and alumina created in some (unknown to me) geochemical process. More...


Simple heat engine

I read in Gaviotas about this huge wheel that they built, where water was boiled in a bulb and condensed in a bulb much higher up. The higher bulb got heavy and eventually swung down. There it was heated and began to fill the previously heavy bulb. More...


Industrious use of activated charcoal

This post relates to using activated charcoal to separate nitrogen and oxygen from air. Oxygen heavy air is useful for pyrolysis and combustion operations. Nitrogen is useful for pyrolysis (as an inert gas) or producing nitric acid, ammonia nitrate, etc More...


Urine

I think nitric acid is going to be a very helpful waste product to collect. It can be used to precipitate products from basic solutions, or to break down organic matter for easier digestion by bacteria/yeast/fungus (saccharification of cellulose). Its s More...


New to me refrigeration method

Previously I had thought the only productive way to use heat directly to cause cooling was an adsorption/absorption cooler. There, heat is used to drive a working fluid (water, methanol, ammonia) from an adsorbant (activated charcoal, alumina, aerogel) or More...


Purification of oxygen with charcoal

It occured to me the the selective desorption of oxygen and nitrogen from activated charcoal mentioned here was related to another separation process. In packed column chromatography, substances diffuse through a long molecular sieve jungle at different More...


Nitric and carbonic acids

Last time I talked about using carbonic acid from flue gases to neutralize an alkali solution. With a little research i realized nitric acid is much more suited for this. More...


Books

These are books and writings that have helped sculpt the image of permafacture for me: More...